1 Includes population data
2 Only administrative municipalities with 10,000 and more inhabitants
3 Includes retail spend and retail turnover
Please see the table above for availability of the following additional variables.
Retail spend refers to the potential share for retailers of the purchasing power of households within a given populated area. It is calculated as general purchasing power, less fixed expenditure. High quality, proven retail spend data is available on a municipality, postcode and small area basis.
Retail turnover refers to the turnover of local retail trade. In contrast to purchasing power and retail spend, retail turnover quantifies purchases at the consumers’ place of expenditure. High quality, proven retail turnover is available on a municipality, postcode and small area basis.
Retail centrality index
The retail centrality index describes the capacity of a given area to attach the retail spend of its own population, as well as incoming shoppers from other areas, to the local retail trade. Cities with a high ‘shopping appeal’ have a centrality index of over 100. This is because they attract more shoppers and retail spend from surrounding areas than they emit in return. The retail centrality index is available at municipality and postcode code level.
Consumer spend by product groups
Consumer spend by product group quantifies the expenditure by consumers on specific groups of goods or services.
Whilst purchasing power is the most commonly used indicator for a region’s potential, it is not necessarily the most appropriate planning tool for all goods and services, as for some, patterns of consumer behaviour do not relate exclusively to disposable income. In order to respond to the nuances of the market, the general purchasing power values have been enhanced and recalculated based on consumer spend for twenty product categories.
Product categories include: food and non-alcoholic beverages; alcoholic beverages, tobacco, clothing, footwear, furniture & furnishings (carpets and other floor coverings), household textiles, household appliances, glassware (inc. tableware & household utensils), tools and equipment for house and garden, routine household maintenance, medical products, appliances and equipment, consumer electronics (inc. photographic and IT equipment), durables for recreation and culture, toys and games (inc. hobby, sport, garden, pets), recreational and cultural services, newspapers (inc. books and stationery), catering services, personal care and jewellery (inc. clocks, watches and other personal effects).
Looking beyond Malaysia? Purchasing Power data is available for a wide range of countries…